As breast milk is the best food for infants because it contains complete nutritional values, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that pregnant women and new mothers be informed of the benefits and superiority of breast-feeding. Mothers should be given guidance on preparations for and the maintenance of lactation, and the importance of good maternal nutrition.

Before using an infant formula, mothers should be advised of the social and financial implications of that decision and the importance of using the formula correctly for the health of the infant. It is also important to be advised on the correct method of preparing infant formula.

An infant formula that supplies the nutrients necessary for the proper growth and development of infants can be a substituted for breast milk when the mother is unable to breast-feed.

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